[ Links ], Memon N. Poultry: country's second-largest industry. A total of 71 poultry-farm workers participated in the questionnaire survey for health assessment. Only three farms carried out cleanout activities within one day of destocking, whereas these activities were performed within one week after destocking in the remaining farms. It is reported that 20% of the poultry-farm workers suffer from acute respiratory disorders, exhibiting symptoms such as wheezing, cough, phlegm, and sputum (Oppliger et al., 2008). The three important measures of spirometry used include FEV1 (exhalation volume of patient in the first second forced expiration), FVC (forced exhalation volume of patient), FEV1/FVC (the ratio of FEV1 to FVC expressed as a percentage) and VC (vital capacity). The study concludes an overall better health and safety management in the selected poultry farms. Mean % predicted FEV1/FVC ratio values above 80% suggest the incidence of minimal obstructive lung function defect, while values below 80% indicate mild to severe pulmonary obstructive defects. [ Links ], Rylander R, Carvalheiro MF. [ Links ], Jameel U, Batool A, Hayat TM. Chemical hazards result in acute and chronic respiratory diseases due to poultry dust exposure, skin and eye diseases due to the exposure to toxic gases originating from manure handling operations, immune diseases, and exposure to detergents, pesticides and disinfectants. It is also bad for health and can make you feel seriously uncomfortable. [ Links ], Viegas S, Faísca V, Dias H, Clérigo A, Carolino E, Viegas C. Occupational exposure to poultry dust and effects on the respiratory system in workers. The main air pollutants - collectively referred as bio-aerosols - present in poultry production and hatcheries include poultry dust (mainly produced from microorganisms and their metabolites), pathogens, endotoxins, as well as NH3 and carbon dioxide (CO2), as a consequence of excreta decomposition, respiration of poultry and other operations in the animal confinement buildings. The most common chemical and respiratory hazards identified include acute and chronic respiratory and ocular symptoms, such as wheezing, chest tightness episodes, shortness of breath, cough, phlegm, asthma, and eye itchiness and swelling (Guillam et al., 2013). Some strains of microorganisms are capable of surviving in an airborne state for several minutes and can disperse in the vicinity of the poultry farm areas. (2013), the absence of abnormal lung function in poultry-farm workers was observed. The incidence of acute and chronic respiratory disorders such as wheezing, phlegm, congestion, dyspnea, upper respiratory tract irritation and other skin irritations in poultry-farm workers is mainly due to occupational exposure to chemical and biological hazards (May et al., 2012;Donham et al., 2000, 2000a). per year, Pakistan’s poultry production industry ranks as the country’s second largest organized and dynamic industry. International Journal of Poultry Science 2010;9(4):330-333. The software records two tests: the SVC (slow vital capacity) test and the FVC (forced vital capacity) test. As a consequence, the health survey indicated that 21.1 % of the workers suffered from heat-induced dermatitis and 38% suffered from heat exhaustion during the summer. The poultry industry expansion could not have happened without individuals The health survey of the workers indicated lower prevalence of work-related symptoms compared with previous studies mainly due to the short period of employment and to the cleaner environment of modern poultry farms. All farms regularly emptied water tanks to prevent overflow. [ Links ], HSE - Health and Safety Executive. For 28 years now,... On Apr 1, 2019 In Home. If you are managing a poultry farm, feed mill or processing plant, how Annals of Occupational Hygiene 2008;52(5):405-412. Most workers were non-smokers (60%) as compared to smokers (32%) and ex-smokers (7%). The present study showed that the monitored environmental air quality parameter values were well below the permissible occupational health limits. These and others factors like manure, litter, feather, fragments and skin of animals are associated with adverse environmental and health impacts (Health and Safety Executive, 2009). The emergence of industrial farming and the intensification of farm operations have promoted the growth of the poultry industry around the world, with China, Russia and India ranked among the top poultry-producing countries. The use of pesticides and insecticides adversely affect the quality of nearby surface and ground water resources (Environmental, Health, and Safety Guidelines for Poultry Production, 2007). Its adverse health impacts involve suppression of the immune system and increase in the sensitivity to allergens (Ajetomobi et al., 2010). Maximum temperature recorded was 32.75 ºC, while the highest humidity level was 85.5%. It was observed that mostly absorbent bedding material (rice husk) was used, and additional litter was added accordingly on daily basis to avoid wet litter and litter caking, which are associated with ammonia production. do you monitor safety regulations in place? Ventilation is considered as one of the key determinants of workers’ respiratory health (Autenrieth et al., 2016). Confinement areas with high concentration of poultry or other livestock have been associated with frequent complaints of odor nuisance, which has been linked with health symptoms, including headache, irritation of eyes, nose and throat, and drowsiness (Hartung & Schulz, 2011). In poultry farming industries, millions of chickens and other birds are raising, breeding, and slaughtering to collect their eggs and harvest their meat. OSHA: Occupational Safety & Health Administration, NIOSH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Misset Uitgeverij B.V. They are vulnerable to be exposed to a wide range of health and safety risks such as respiratory problems, traumatic injuries, and zoonotic infections. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 2013;3(7):102-110. (2013) also documented high incidence of respiratory signs in poultry-farm workers that did not have asthma, and included wheezing (19.1%), sneezing, runny nose without flu or cold (12.8%), coughing (29.8%), and chest tightness (12.8%).